Suicide is a serious public health problem that can have lasting harmful effects on individuals, families, and communities. While its causes are complex and determined by multiple factors, the goal of suicide prevention is simple: Reduce factors that increase risk (i.e. risk factors) and increase factors that promote resilience (i.e. protective factors). Ideally, prevention addresses all levels of influence: individual, relationship, community, and societal. Effective prevention strategies are needed to promote awareness of suicide and encourage a commitment to social change.
- History of previous suicide attempts
- Family history of suicide
- History of depression or other mental illness
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Stressful life event or loss
- Easy access to lethal methods
- Exposure to the suicidal behavior of others
If you know someone who has talked about suicide, has some of the risk factors or has attempted suicide in the past, talk about suicide or has voiced suicidal thoughts, talk with the person and get them help through the Suicide Prevention Network (1-800-273-TALK). Suicide is a long term solution for a short term problem that hurts all those who know, love or have to respond to the suicide.